The opposite of right-mindedness, the state of mind based on the ego's thought system, which is the source of false perception (see description in true perception) and of all human ills. "Wrong-mindedness listens to the ego and makes illusions; perceiving sin and justifying anger, and seeing guilt, disease and death as real" (C-1.6:1). Used only in the first four chapters of the Text and clarified in the Clarification of Terms.